Salalah is the capital city of southern Oman's Dhofar province. It's known for its banana plantations, Arabian Sea beaches and waters teeming with sea life. The Khareef, an annual monsoon, transforms the desert terrain into a lush, green landscape and creates seasonal waterfalls. The Frankincense Land Museum, part of the Al Balid Archaeological Site, recounts the city’s maritime history and role in the spice trade.
The old city, Al Haffa, features a traditional souk (marketplace) as well as the flat, sandy Al Haffa Beach. Southwest of Salalah, Al Mughsayl Beach is ringed by cliffs and caves, including Marneef Cave, with its spurting blowholes created by water forcing its way through undersea vertical shafts. Coastal and offshore diving spots reveal sea caves, shipwrecks and coral reefs, as well as green turtles, parrotfish, moray eels and numerous whale species. Nearby Al Hallaniyat Island is a base for sport fishing and whale-watching.